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Table 1 Geographical distribution of common fermented soybean food products of Southeast Asian countries

From: Impact of Bacillus in fermented soybean foods on human health

Country Fermented soybean food products Functional microorganisms which aid in fermentation Other than Bacillus spp. Reference
Japan Natto Bacillus subtilis Aspergillus oryzae Liu 2012)
Japan Miso Bacillus subtilis Pediococcus acidilactici, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Micrococcus halobius, Aspergillus oryzae, Zygosaccharomyces rouxii and Torulopsis sp Tamang et al. (2016)
China Furu B. pumilus, B. megaterium, B. stearothermophilus, B. firmus Staphylococcus hominis Lin et al. (2016)
Korea Cheonggukjang Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, B. licheniformis, Bacillus megaterium, and B.subtilis Leuconostoc, Lactobacillus, Pseudomonas, Pantoea and Weissella genera Hong et al. (2012)
Korea Gochujang B. velegensis, B. amyloliquefacious, B. subtilis, B. licheniformis, Oceanobacillus spp. Zygosaccharomyces, Candida lactis, Zygorouxii, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Rhizopus Nam et al. (2012)
Mizoram state of India Bekang B. subtilis, B. licheniformis, B. pumilus, Bacillus cereus, B.amyloliquefaciens Debaryomyces hansenii, Pichia burtonii Chettri and Tamang (2014); Singh et al. (2014a, 2014b)
Meghalaya state of India Tungrymbai B. subtilis, B. pumilus, B. licheniformis, B. amyloliquefaciens, Lactobacillus brevis, Vagococcus carniphilus, Debaryomyces hansenii, Pic. burtonii, Chettri and Tamang (2015); Singh et al. (2014a, 2014b)
Nepal, Bhutan, India Kinema B. subtilis, B. licheniformis, B. cereus, B. circulans, B. thuringiensis, B. sphaericus Geotrichum candidum. Chettri et al. (2016); Chettri and Tamang (2015); Singh et al. (2014a, 2014b)
Manipur state of India Hawaijar B. subtilis, B. licheniformis, B. amyloliquefaciens, B. cereus, Alcaligenes sp., Providencia rettgers Singh et al. (2014a, 2014b)
Korea Doenjang B. subtilis, B. licheniformis, B. pumilus, Mucor plumbeus, Aspergillus oryzae, Debaryomyces hansenii, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Tor. halophilus, Lactobacillus sp. Chang et al. (2013); Kim et al. (2016a)
China, Taiwan Douchi B. amyloliquefaciens, B. subtilis, Aspergillus oryzae Yang et al. (2019a, 2019b)
Indonesia (Origin), Netherlands, Japan Tempeh Bacillus pumilus and B.brevis Rhizopus spp., Lactobacillus casei Frias et al. (2017)
Arunachal Pradesh state of India Peruyaan B.subtilis, B. amyloliquefaciens, Vagococcus lutrae, Pediococcus acidilactici Singh et al. (2014a, 2014b)
Nagaland state of India Axone
Aakhone
Bacillus subtilis Deb and Jamir (2018)
Cambodia, Laos Sieng Bacillus subtilis Sopheap et al. (2019)
Korea Meju Bacillus cereus, B. circulans, B. licheniformis, B. megaterium, B. mesentricus, B. subtilis, B. pumilus Aspergillus spp, Botrytis cinerea Rhizopus oryzae, Rhodotorula flava, Zygosaccharomyces japonicus, Lactobacillus sp, Ped. acidilactici Jang et al. (2019)