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Table 2 Safety assessment of the LAB strains

From: Aggrandizement of fermented cucumber through the action of autochthonous probiotic cum starter strains of Lactiplantibacillus plantarum and Pediococcus pentosaceus

Strain code Antibiotic susceptibility/ antibiotic resistance genes Hemolytic activity Gelatinase activity Biogenic amine production
AM/bla GM/aac(6′)-aph(2″) KM/aph(3′)-IIIa SM/(aadA, aadE, ant(6)) EM/erm(A), erm(B) CM/(InuA, InuB) TC/(tetM, tetK, tetL) CL/(catA, cat) His Orn Lys Tyr
NPL 425 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ + - - - -
NPL 427 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ + - - - -
NPL 428 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ + - - - -
NPL 429 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ - + + - +
NPL 430 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ + - - - -
NPL 431 S/- R/+ S/- R/+ S/- S/- S/- R/+ γ - - - - -
NPL 432 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ + - + - -
NPL 433 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ + + - - +
NPL 434 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- α - + - + -
NPL 436 S/- R/+ S/- R/+ S/- S/- S/- R/+ γ - - - + -
NPL 437 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- α - - - + +
NPL438 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ - + + - +
NPL 440 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- α - - + - -
NPL 441 S/- R/+ S/- R/+ S/- S/- S/- R/+ γ - - - - -
NPL 442 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ - + + - +
NPL 443 S/- S/- S/- R/+ S/- S/- R/+ S/- γ - - -   -
NPL 1258 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ - - - - -
NPL 1259 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ - - - - -
NPL 1264 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ - - - - -
NPL 1277 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ - - - - -
NPL 1279 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ - - - - -
NPL 1280 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ - - - - -
NPL 1282 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- α + - - - -
NPL 1284 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ - - - - -
NPL 1286 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ - - - - -
NPL 1288 S/- R/+ S/- S/- S/- S/- R/+ S/- β + - - - -
NPL 1291 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ - - - - -
NPL 1301 R/+ S/- S/- R/+ S/- S/- S/- S/- γ - - - - -
NPL 1303 S/- R/+ S/- S/- S/- S/- R/+ S/- β + - - - -
NPL 1304 R/+ S/- S/- R/+ S/- S/- S/- S/- γ - - - - -
NPL 1305 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ - + - + -
NPL 1306 S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- S/- γ - - - - -
  1. AM ampicillin, GM gentamycin, KM kanamycin, SM streptomycin, EM erythromycin, TC tetracycline, CM clindamycin, CL chloramphenicol, His histidine, Orn, ornithine, Lys lysine, Tyr tyrosine. Results are means of three independent experiments with three repetitions ± SD (n = 3).